Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people, Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law, Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations, Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge, Now, therefore, The General Assembly, Proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State.
2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
2. Everyone has the right to equal access to public service in his country.
3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
2. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
3. Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. 4. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.
No. (7) of 2004 – Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization President of the Palestinian National Authority Having examined the Basic Law Amended On Juvenile Offenders Act No. 2 of 1937 applicable in the provinces of Gaza and the events Reform Act No. 16 of 1954 established in the governorates of the West Bank. The Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989 and approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20/11/1989 On Presidential Decree No. 2 of 1999 by the establishment of the Higher Council for Motherhood and Childhood, The draft law submitted by the Council of Ministers Based on its approved by the Legislative Council held on 19/8/2003, We issued the following law: CHAPTER I General provisions Article (1) The child is every human being below the age of 18 years. Article (2) The bill aims to: 1-raising childhood in Palestine with their particularities. 2-rearing a child to national pride and national identity, religious and the loyalty of Palestine, land, history and people. 3-preparation of the child for responsible life in a free civil society based on solidarity correlation between awareness of rights and duties and commitment dominated by the values of justice, equality, tolerance and democracy. 4-Protection of children’s rights in survival, development and enjoyment of free and secure and sophisticated life. 5-community awareness of children’s rights as widely as possible using the appropriate means. 6-Involve children in the areas of community life according to the year maturity and capabilities in order to get the sophisticated qualities of a love of work and initiative and the legal gain and the spirit of self-reliance. 7-rearing children on morality and respect for parents, especially family and social surroundings. Article (3) 1 – Every child enjoys all the rights contained in the present law without discrimination because of sex, color, nationality, religion, language or national origin, religious or social or wealth, or by birth or his parents, or any other type of discrimination. 2 – The State shall take all appropriate measures to protect children from all forms of discrimination aimed at ensuring equality and the actual utilization of all the rights contained in the Act. Article (4) Must take into account: 1-best interest of the child in all actions are taken by both legislative bodies or the courts or administrative authorities or institutions of public or private social welfare. 2-The children’s mental, psychological and physical and moral needs conformity with the year and health and so on. Article (5) 1-borne parents of the child or based on shared responsibilities for the care upbringing to ensure growth and development, and to provide guidance consistent with the needs of sophisticated capabilities. 2-must be taken into account the importance of preventive action within the family in all actions concerning children and to preserve the primary role and responsibility of the confirmation borne by the parents or a child care and upbringing, his or her education and care necessary to ensure normal growth and development to the fullest. Article (6) The state is working to create the appropriate conditions to ensure that all children get the highest attainable standard of health and social services and the right to education and participation in various aspects of community life. Article (7) 1- In all circumstances the child has priority to protection, care and relief. 2 – The State shall ensure the preservation priority on the lives of all children and their rights in the cases of emergencies disasters and armed conflicts. 3 – The State shall take appropriate measures to prosecute and accountable anyone who commits a crime against children from war crimes or crimes against humanity. Article (8) State should take procedures and appropriate measures to ensure that children with special needs care required in all areas, particularly education, health and vocational rehabilitation to strengthen their self-defense and to ensure their participation in the community. Article (9) The state set policies and programs to ensure the proper upbringing of children upbringing in all areas within the framework of freedom and human dignity, spiritual and social values, taking into account the basic responsibility, rights and duties of parents or a child care. Article (10) Institutions and departments responsible for the care and protection of children are committed to implemented the policies and programs established by the competent authorities in all areas. CHAPTER II Fundamental rights Article (11) 1 – Every child has the right in safe life and security of his or her self. 2 – The State shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the growth and development of the child and care. Article (12) 1 – Every child has the right to freedom of opinion and expression consistent with the public order and public morals. 2-taking views of the child into account with due consideration in accordance with age and maturity. 3-It is available to the child the opportunity to express his views in judicial proceedings or in the social measures or special educational that are related to his or her circumstances. Article (13) Taking into account the duties and rights of the child’s parents or child care based on the right to respect for private life and prevents any interference subjected to arbitrary or unlawful conduct in his life, family, home or correspondence, as well as prohibiting prejudice his honor or reputation. Article (14) Children work is prohibited under the age of ten. Article (15) In accordance with the law marks the child immediately should be registered after birth in the civil register. Article (16) Every child has a right from birth to a name not involve contempt or humiliation of his or contrary to religious beliefs. Article (17) Every child has the right to respect his or her legal personality. Article (18) Every Palestinian child immediately after birth has the right in the Palestinian citizenship in accordance with the provisions of the law on this. CHAPTER III Family rights Article (19) 1 – Every child has the right to live in a coherent and cohesive family. 2 – The State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the child’s parents or sponsored by the shoulder responsibilities and duties assigned to them in the common child-rearing and nurturing and guidance and best development. Article (20) The child’s right to know his parents and receive sponsorship, must not be attributed to another part. Article (21) Taking into account the child’s best interest of the child is separated from one or both parents the right to maintain personal relations and direct contacts with both parents on a regular basis. CHAPTER IV Health rights Article (22) The child has the right to obtain the best possible level of free health services, taking into account the health insurance law and regulations in force. 2-No fees for the vaccination of children. Article (23) 1 – The Ministry of Health should issue a health card for each child recorded data in a special register office quota specialist. 2- The Minister of Health should issue to organize this card model, data and procedures issued. Article (24) A medical examination should be done before marriage contract works not only document the contract after a medical examination to ascertain whether the spouse which could affect the lives and health of offspring. Article (25) The Ministry of Health take all appropriate measures to develop capabilities in the area of preventive health care and treatment and counseling on the health of the child health and nutrition and protection. Article (26) The State shall take all appropriate measures to: 1-protecting children from the dangers of environmental pollution and work to combat it. 2-by the media a constructive and effective role in the area of prevention and health promotion, especially in the areas of child health and nutrition, the advantages of breastfeeding, prevention of accidents and Amadaraltdechin. 3-support system of school health for the full role in the area of prevention and health promotion. 4-prevention of injuries and serious infectious diseases. Article (27) 1 – The State shall ensure the protection of children from smoking, alcohol and substance abuse psychoactive. 2-prohibits the use of children in places of production of such material or in the sale or promotion. Article (28) In accordance with the law exempted from all taxes and fees, prosthetic devices and rehabilitation assistance and means of transport for the use of children with special needs. CHAPTER V Social rights Article (29) The child has the right in expenditure of food and covering, housing, education and telemedicine. 2- The child’s father or the lawful sponsored by bear the duty of spending on the child. 3 – The State shall take all measures to ensure that right. Article (30) Every child has the right to a standard of living adequate for the child’s physical, mental, spiritual, social and State shall take all actions and measures necessary to secure this right. Article (31) In accordance with the rules and conditions laid down by the State and its institutions following their children’s right to have access to social assistance. 1-orphans or children of unknown parentage. 2-children in welfare institutions. 3-divorced or abandoned children who do not have parents. 4-children of imprisoned or missing or unable to work parents due to illness or disability and their breadwinner. 5-children families, who the one that destroyed houses burnt. 6-Children with disabilities or chronically ill. 7-children twins (three and above). Article (32) The child deprived of a normal family environment as a permanent or temporary right to alternative care through: 1-family incubator (alternative), that is guaranteed and care. 2- public or private social welfare institutions if not available foster family. CHAPTER VI Cultural rights Article (33) One of the child – the right to request all types of information and ideas, receive and impart, including broadcast is not contrary to public order and public morals. 2 – The State shall endeavor to bring about this right according to their capacities permit, and in the way that bind and audio-visual media and other written and devote part of their programs and resources to ensure the effective enjoyment of this right. Article (34) According to the law it is allowed to form association for children with the freedom of association and the clubs, and holding public meetings. Article (35) The child has the right to broad participation in the identification and implementation of programs recreational, cultural, artistic, scientific and consistent with public order and morals, and that confirmation of the right to possess the knowledge and means of innovation and creativity. Article (36) Banning publication or presentation or possession of any document or printed compilations or visible or audible that communicate the child’s instincts decorate a minimum or behavior contrary to public order and public morals or that would encourage them to delinquency. CHAPTER VII Educational rights Article (37) 1-in accordance with the provisions of the law: – Every child has a right to free education in state schools until the completion of secondary education. B-Education is compulsory until the completion of the basic higher education at a minimum. 2 – The State shall take all appropriate measures to prevent early school leakage. Article (38) The State shall take all effective and appropriate measures aiming at the abolition of various forms of discrimination in the enjoyment of the right to education and to promote equal opportunities among all actual children. Article (39) The State shall take all measures in order: 1-enhancing the participation of students and their parents in decisions for children. 2-preserving the dignity of the child when making decisions or developing programs aimed at banning all forms of violence in schools, whatever their origin. Article (40) Every child in the school has the right in time for rest and practice games and activities appropriate for his year and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts. Article (41) 1- The child with special needs has the right in education in the same schools and training centers prepared for the students. 2-In cases of special disability State is obliged to ensure education and training classes or schools or special centers provided that: A-linked with normal education system and appropriate to the needs of the child. B-be close to his place of residence and easy access. C-availability of different types and levels of education according to their needs. D- To have educationally qualified persons to provide education and training according to their disability. CHAPTER VIII The right to protection Article (42) One of the child’s right is the right to protection from violence, abuse, or physical or moral sexual, neglect or default or homelessness or other forms of abuse or exploitation. 2 – The State shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational and preventive measures to secure the right question. Article (43) Prevent the exploitation of children begging also prevents employment conditions in violation of the law, or assigned work would hamper their education or harm their safety or accompanied by physical or psychological. Article (44) One of the difficult situations that threaten the safety of the child or his or her physical and psychological prohibits intentionally exposing them to: 1-loss of his parents and survival without assistance. 2-subjected to neglect and homelessness. 3- Obvious default and continuing in the upbringing and care. 4-Making a habit of ill-treatment and lack of briefing from the care of the assets of sound education. 5-exploited sexually or economically or in organized crime or begging. 6 – having to leave his residence or absent without informing. 7-disconnection from the education without reason. Article (45) The State guarantees the protection of children from the dangers of playing with non-conformity to specifications and standards of health and the environment, religious and cultural value and by developing a comprehensive quality standards for toys manufactured locally or imported. Article (46) 1-prohibits the use of children in military actions or armed conflict and the State taking action and the necessary measures to ensure this. 2 – The State shall take appropriate measures to rehabilitate the physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of child victims of armed conflict or difficult situations outlined in Article 44 of this Act. Article (47) 1-child is exposed to the risk of delinquency if: A-found begging or exercises a way that does not serve a legitimate means of living. B-were beyond the authority of the parents or whoever sponsors. C-repeated his escape from home, in school or the Institute. D-Getting familiar with sleeping places not intended for residence or sleeping. E-frequent visits for places suspicious morally, socially or homeless vagrants or corrupt. F-the work related to prostitution or debauchery or corruption of morals or gambling or drug or so, or those who serve them. 2-State measures or care reform is appropriate if the child found in the environment of the moral integrity or psychological or physical or educational risk of delinquency. Article (48) Welfare measures: 1-Child delivery for those who can do it and have the ethical safeguards from among persons mentioned the following: A-parent or one of them B – those who have a mandate or trusteeship it. C-One of his family members or relatives. D- Alternative family undertake care. E-hand competent child care and officially recognized. 2-warning and reprimand. 3 – prevent children from access to certain places. 4 – prevent children from engaging in a certain action. Article (49) Reform measures: 1-a child under social control in his natural environment. 2-Children Requiring certain duties such as registering him or her in vocational training courses or cultural or sporting or social occasion. 3-Placement in a competent institution reform. CHAPTER VII Protection mechanisms Article (50) 1-created Ministry of Social Affairs should create a Service called the Child Protection Service includes a number of child protection guide. 2-the Minister of Social Affairs should issue regulations that define specifications tour Protection of Children and the competence and methods of dealing with social bodies and relevant. Article (51) 1-The guide of child’s protection enjoy the protection of children in law enforcement and in the application of the provisions of this Act. 2-Guid must swear to the protection of children before the performance of his duties as swearing in force in Palestine for the warden regulatory jurisdiction. Article (52) GUIDE assigned the task of protecting childhood preventive and therapeutic interventions in all situations that threaten the safety of the child or his or her physical and psychological health and special situations described articles (44,47) of the Act. Article (53) 1-each person should report to the guide child protection whenever it determines that there are threats to the safety of the child or his or her physical and psychological health. 2- Reporting is a must for educators, doctors, social workers and others who are entrusted with the protection and care of children. 3-punishable by a fine not exceeding two hundred Jordanian dinars or less than one hundred dinars, or the equivalent in currency in circulation legally anyone who violates the provisions of paragraph (2)mentioned above. Article (54) 1-Each adult should help a child in asking him to inform the Child Protection Guide that child or one of his brothers or any other child suffering from a difficult situations outlined article (44) of the Act. 2-punishable by a fine not exceeding two hundred Jordanian dinars or less than one hundred dinars, or the equivalent in currency in circulation legally anyone who violates the provisions of this article. Article (55) May GUIDE protection or any other person must not disclose the identity of the duty of reporting only the consent amount, or in cases specified by law. Article (56) 1- the guide protection of children enjoys the following powers: A child and care giver should be called to listen to their words and their responses on the subject of reporting the facts. B-enter alone or accompanied who finds it useful to any place where children with the card must demonstrate proven character, and if unable to enter can be obtained judicial authorization urgently if Balastnejad labor force. C-conduct investigations and take appropriate preventive measures in the child. 2-punishable by a fine of not more than five hundred JD not less than two hundred dinars, or the equivalent in currency traded legally any one prevents the guide Protection of Children from carrying out his duties or impede the course of investigations as incorrect information or deliberately concealing the truth about the situation of children, with no penalties prescribed eviction in the Penal Code for crimes of assault on a public officer while he and his job functions. Article (57) If GUIDE child protection absence of a threat to the safety of the child or his or her physical and psychological health, the child and his or her care giver must know. CHAPTER X Protective measures Article (58) If GUIDE Protection of Children noticed any existence of threats to the safety of the child or his or her physical and psychological health, he should take appropriate action on it by proposing measures of an appropriate Convention or decide to bring the matter to the competent judge. Article (59) The Child Protection Guide could propose to the child’s parents or based on a measure sponsored by the Convention the following: 1-keep the child in his family, provided that: – A commitment to the child’s parents or from the sponsors to take the necessary steps to lift the threat to children and keep it under control patrol guide child protection. B-regulate social intervention by the authorities concerned to provide social services and assistance necessary for the child and his family. T-taking necessary precautions to prevent all contact between the child and those who are like him in that cause safety or health threat to the physical or psychological health. 2-deposit child temporarily with family or an institution or social or educational or health appropriate public or private. Article (60) 1 – If the guide child protection decides to measures of an appropriate Convention liaison children and the parents or those who care to reach a collective agreement commensurate with the situation of children and their needs. 2-in the case of access to the agreement codification should be red for all parties, including the child, if he or she is 13 years old. Article (61) The Child Protection Guide periodically: Follow-up results of the Convention concluded on children. audit convention to ensure as much as possible to keep the child in his home environment and not to be separated from parents or attributed to them as soon as possible. – Information of the competent judge that made all files within a monthly summary unless a judge should lift the entire file to him. – Educate and guide children and assist parents or the care giver of the child so that the safety and physical and mental health are maintained. Article (62) The child guide protection must inform parents or the care givers and the 13 years old child with their right to refuse the proposed measure. Article (63) Guide to the Protection of Children bring the matter to the competent judge in the case: 1-Lack of access to the agreement during the twenty days from the date of a pledge this case. 2-Agreement revoked by the parents or the care of the child or by the child who reached 13 years. Article (64)1-The guide Protection of Children can take a temporary basis in cases of homelessness and neglect urgent measures for the protection and care of children in accordance with the rules established in this law. 2-taking urgent measures must be after obtaining a warrant issued by Judge urgent specialist at the request of Leader protection. Article (65) 1 – Every action threatens a child’s life or safety or physical or mental health is considered as danger that can not be avoided over time. 2-in cases of imminent danger the GUIDE child protection could initiate Before obtaining judicial authorization to take the child from the place where it is even using forcibly put a secure place and under his own responsibility, taking into account the sanctity of the residential premises. 3-The guide Protection of Children could not continue in the application of the measures taken in cases of imminent danger without judicial authorization issued an urgent juvenile judge in a maximum of 24 hours. Article (66) The guide protection of the child should inform parents or sponsored by the actions and urgent measures taken to protect and care for children. CHAPTER XI Treatment of offended children Article (67) Accountability must not be applied for a child who has not completed the age of nine. Article (68) No child should be subjected to physical torture or any pattern of punishment or cruel or degrading treatment or degrading humanity. Article (69) 1 – Every child has been charged, the right to treatment commensurate with the year and protect their honor and dignity and facilitate re-integration and its constructive role in society. 2 – The State shall take all necessary measures and legislation to ensure that right. 3-give priority to preventive and educational means and avoid as much as possible recourse to detention and deprivation of liberty. CHAPTER XII The Supreme Council for Motherhood and Childhood Article (70) Established under the provisions of this law called the Council (Supreme Council for Motherhood and Childhood) have a legal personality and a law composition, organization and determine its terms of reference. Article (71)Regard to the follow-up efforts to maternal and child care and protection. CHAPTER XIII FINAL PROVISIONS Article (72) This is without prejudice to the provisions of the law of any other legislation in place to ensure that children enjoy better all the rights and public freedoms, with the protections and care Article (73) The Council of Ministers should issue the regulations necessary to implement this law Article (74) Cancel all contrary to the provisions of this Act Article (75)All the competent authorities, as appropriate, must implementation of all provisions of this law, and works after thirty days from the date of publication in the Official Gazette Issued in the city of Ram Allah on 15/8/2004 AD Approved July 29 last Jmad / Dignity, Dialogue 1425 Yasser Arafat Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization President of the Palestinian National Authority